Fonduri structurale blog

The European Union is one of the most prosperous areas in the world, which enlargement with another 10 members on 1 May 2004 has the power of a domestic market of 25 Member States with over 454 million people living in 254 regions. But not all Europeans have the same advantages and chances of success in socio-economic terms.

The difference is made in the area where they live – if the region is a prosperous or poor, an area located in expansion or economic decline, urban or a rural area on the periphery or in one of its economic centers. In these conditions, economic and social cohesion is necessary, is also one of the main objectives of the European Union.

As defined by Article 158 of the Treaty of the European Community cohesion is necessary for promoting “overall harmonious development” of the community and ask for a reduction of “disparities between levels of development of different regions and the lack of progress of disadvantaged regions, including rural areas. The policy of economic and social cohesion of the European Union is, above all, a policy of solidarity.

In order to achieve these general objectives, the EU acts through the Structural Funds, Cohesion Fund and other financial instruments. The original version of the Treaty of Rome (entered into force in 1958) does not explicitly mention the Structural Funds and regional policy community. Only after the Union was faced with economic crises in 70 years and the first extension was submitted proposals for developing a policy in this field. Since then, the Funds have suffered various reforms that have made the regional policies to occupy a position of increasing importance among the activities.

Uniunea Europeana este una din regiunile cele mai prospere din lume, care, de la data largirii cu inca noi 10 membri, la 1 mai 2004, are puterea unei piete interne a 25 de state membre cu peste 454 milioane de locuitori care traiesc in 254 de regiuni. Insa nu toti europenii au aceleasi avantaje si sanse de succes in termeni socio-economici.

Diferenta este facuta de zona in care locuiesc – daca este o regiune prospera ori saraca, o zona aflata in expansiune sau declin economic, o zona urbana sau rurala, la periferia Uniunii sau intr-unul din centrele sale economice. In aceste conditii, coeziunea economica si sociala este necesara, fiind totodata si unul din principalele obiective ale Uniunii Europene.

Asa cum este definita de articolul 158 al Tratatului Comunitatii Europene, coeziunea este necesara pentru promovarea “dezvoltarii armonioase generale” a Comunitatii si cere o reducere a “disparitatilor intre nivelurile de dezvoltare a diferitelor regiuni si a lipsei de progres a regiunilor defavorizate”, inclusiv pentru zonele rurale. Politica de coeziune economica si sociala a Uniunii Europene este, inainte de toate, o politica a solidaritatii.

In vederea atingerii acestor obiective generale, Comunitatea actioneaza prin intermediul Fondurilor Structurale, Fondului de Coeziune si a celorlalte instrumente financiare. Versiunea originala a Tratatului de la Roma (intrat in vigoare in anul 1958) nu mentioneaza explicit Fonduri Structurale sau politici regionale comunitare. Abia dupa ce Uniunea s-a confruntat cu crizele economice din anii ’70 si prima extindere au fost inaintate propuneri pentru dezvoltarea unei politici in acest domeniu. De atunci, Fondurile Structurale au suferit diferite reforme care au facut ca politicile regionale sa ocupe o pozitie din ce in ce mai importanta printre activitatile Uniunii.

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